Difficult Access Horizontal Coring

The Hoover Dam Bypass Project was conceived to address a number of issues related to the functionality of US 93 and its crossing of the Hoover Dam. The need for an improved highway had been a priority for the Federal Highway Administration, the states of Arizona and Nevada, and the US Bureau of Reclamation for several years. The bypass included approximately 3.5 miles of new four-lane highway, and a new 1900-foot bridge over the Colorado River.

Team Members

Central Federal Lands Highway Division


Sverdrup Civil

T.Y. Lin International


Crux Subsurface

Crux’s Role

Crux completed a geotechnical investigation of the proposed new bridge structure. Two borings were drilled on the upstream side of the existing bridge structure near each pier. Crux used an HWT advancer system and HQ advancer system, taking 3-inch samples in the upper alluvial materials. In the power portion of each hole, Crux used a 2-inch sampler to obtain samples of sands and silts. Each boring was drilled to a depth of 125 feet. The upper 50 feet of materials consisted of large cobbles and gravels. Below 50 feet, Crux encountered sands and silts with potential heaving problems. Crux controlled the hydrostatic pressure using drill fluids, which were contained and re-circulated during drilling on the barge deck. Cuttings were placed in containers located on a secondary barge for disposal off site.

Access to the sites was achieved with a custom barge and jet boat. Prior to mobilizing the barge and equipment upriver, Crux set several land lines and anchor points for barge stabilization. Due to spring runoff with high river flows at 18,000 to 20,000 cfs, stability of the barge was a major concern during moves. Using the jet boat, the barge loaded with drill equipment was transported two miles upriver to the project location.

Borings were drilled on the upstream side of the existing bridge using a customized barge system to mitigate high river flows.

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